June 21: Recent CFPB Activities

The Consumer Finance Protection Bureau (CFPB) is responsible for consumer protection in the financial sector. CFPB’s jurisdiction includes credit unions,  banks, securities firms, payday lenders, mortgage-servicing operations, foreclosure relief services, debt collectors, and other financial companies operating in the United States.

Recent Updates 


CFPB Takes Action Against Sutherland Global and NOVAD Management Consulting for Reverse Mortgage Servicing Failures

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) today ordered a reverse mortgage servicing operation to stop illegal activities that harmed older homeowners and caused them to fear losing their homes. The CFPB found that the customer service operation of Sutherland Global, its subsidiaries Sutherland Government Solutions and Sutherland Mortgage Services, and NOVAD Management Consulting had inadequate resources and staffing to handle as many as 150,000 borrowers.
This caused systematic failures to respond to thousands of homeowner requests for assistance, and caused financial harm to borrowers, including losing out on home sales and paying unnecessary costs. The order permanently bans Sutherland Global, Sutherland Government Solutions, and NOVAD from engaging in reverse mortgage activities, imposes strict compliance requirements on future reverse mortgage activities of Sutherland Mortgage Services, requires the Sutherland companies to pay $11.5 million in redress to affected consumers, and requires all companies to pay a civil penalty of approximately $5 million, which will be deposited in the CFPB’s victims relief fund. Read more


CFPB Takes Action Against Repeat Offender Freedom Mortgage Corporation for Violating Law Enforcement Order and for Housing Data Errors

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) today filed a proposed order that would require Freedom Mortgage Corporation to pay a $3.95 million penalty for submitting error-riddled mortgage loan data to federal regulators. In October 2023, the CFPB sued the nonbank mortgage company for violating both the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) and a 2019 CFPB order. In addition to the civil money penalty, if entered by the court, today’s proposed stipulated judgment and order will require Freedom Mortgage to regularly audit, test, and correct the company’s HMDA data.

Freedom Mortgage Corporation is a privately held nonbank mortgage loan originator and servicer headquartered in Boca Raton, Florida. In 2020, Freedom reported HMDA data on over 700,000 mortgage loan applications and originated nearly 400,000 HMDA-reportable loans worth almost $100 billion. Read more

Consumer Financial Protection Circular 2024-03
Unlawful and unenforceable contract terms and conditions

Question presented
Can persons that include unlawful or unenforceable terms and conditions in contracts for consumer financial products and services violate the prohibition on deceptive acts or practices in the Consumer Financial Protection Act (CFPA)?

Yes. “Covered persons” and “service providers” must comply with the prohibition on deceptive acts or practices in the CFPA.1 The inclusion of certain terms in contracts for consumer financial products or services may violate the prohibition when applicable federal or state law renders such contractual terms, including those that purport to waive consumer rights, unlawful or unenforceable. Read more